Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition
Citing in Chicago notes and bibliography section
BOOKS by one author
Footnote and Endnotes (N) :
1. First name Last name, Title of Book (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.
Corresponding Bibliographic Entry (B) : (Alphabetize by author’s last name or title, is no author is given)
Last name, First name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
1. Salman Rushdie, The Ground beneath Her Feet (New York: Henry Holt, 1999), 58.
Rushdie, Salman, The Ground beneath Her Feet. New York: Henry Holt, 1999.
BOOKS by multiple authors:
2. Kurt Johnson and Steve Coates, Nabokov’s Blues: The Scientific Odyssey of a Literary Genius (Cambridge, MA: Zoland Books, 1999), 17.
Johnson, Kurt and Steve Coates. Nabokov’s Blues: The Scientific Odyssey of a Literary Genius. Cambridge, MA: Zoland Books, 1999.
- Use “and” for multi-author entries.
- For 2 to 3 authors, write out all names.
- For 4 to 10 authors, write out all names in the bibliography, but only the first author’s name plus “et al.” in the notes.
1. First name Last name, “Article Title,” Journal Title volume, issue number, (date): page number.
3. Philip Kitcher, “Essence and Perfection,” Ethics 110, no.1 (1999): 60.
Last name, First name. “Article Tile.” Journal Title volume, issue number, (date): page number.
Kitcher, Philip. “Essence and Perfection,” Ethics 110, no. 1 (1999): 60.
ELECTRONIC JOURNALS (follow Journal format and add URL and the date the materiall was last accessed)
1. First name Las tname, “Article Title,” Journal Title Volume, Issue No. (date): page number, accessed date, URL.
4. Bernard Testa and Lamont B. Kier, “Emergence and Dissolvence in the Self-Organisation of Complex Systems,” Entropy 2, no. 1 (2000): 17, accessed January 7, 2002, http://www.mdpi.org/entropy/papers/e2010001.pdf.
Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Journal Tile Volume, Issue no. (date): pages. Date accessed. URL.
Testa, Bernard and Lamont B. Kier. “Emergence and Dissolvence in the Self-Organisation of Complex Systems.” Entropy 2, no. 1 (March 2000): 1-25. Accessed January 7, 2002. http://www.mdpi. org/entropy/papers/e2010001.pdf.
NEWSPAPERS (Citing in text. Newspapers are more commonly cited in notes than in bibliographies. A list of works cited need not list newspaper items if these have been documented in the text. )
Citing in text: (no bibliography list would be needed for the following citation)
In an article on rampage killers (New York Times, April 20, 2000), Laurie Goodstein and William Glaberson describe the warning signs either missed or unreported by colleagues, friends, teachers, family members, and others.
B: (If required by teacher)
Last name, First name. “Article Title.” Newspaper. (City, State [if needed to identify location of newspaper]), date.
Goodstein, Laurie, and William Glaberson. “The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage.” New York Times, April 10, 2000.
ELECTRONIC NEWSPAPERS (same as printed with access date, URL at end of the citation.
5. Alison Mitchell and Frank Bruni, “Scars Still Raw, Bush Clashes with McCain,” New York Times, March 25, 2001, accessed January 2, 2002, http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/25/politics/25MCCA.html.
Mitchell, Alison, and Frank Bruni. “Scars Still Raw, Bush Clashes with McCain.” New York Times, March 25, 2001. Accessed January 2, 2002. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/03/25/politics/25MCCA. html.