EUROPE | IRELAND | GERMANY | SWITZERLAND and MUNICH | AUSTRIA | ITALY
Pauahi’s European Travel Journal 1875- 1876
Sources: Pauahi by George Kanahele, Chapter 6: Revelations of an Odyssey / Student transcriptions from Ka Moi, 1935-37 7 Transcriptions of Dani Gardner, KSG 1961 / The original, handwritten journals are at Bishop Museum
…The social and intellectual values of a trip to Europe clearly compensated for whatever risks or fears Pauahi may have felt. As a member of the ali’i, she was going to share an experience of the privileged in haole society. For touring Europe especially was more than the socially fashionable thing to do; it was de riguer, prescribed by the unwritten rules of social acceptance among the sophisticated elite. And Pauahi was part of this elite group…The trip was a status symbol and perhaps, there was even some innocent competitiveness involved. Unlike the other ali’i who had traveled to Europe only on official missions, she was going at her leisure and at her own expense. Pauahi, page 130.
May 29, 1875 Leave Honolulu (Kingdom of Hawai’i) for San Francisco (U.S.A.)
June 21, 1875 Arrive by train in New York City (U.S.A.)
July 7, 1875 Leave New York City (U.S.A.) by steamship for Queenstown (now Cobb, Ireland)
July 18, 1875 Cork, Ireland [link to journal] (United Kingdom)
See the Lee River, Blarney Castle, St. Nikolas Episcopal Church, St. Ann’s Catholic Church
July 19, 1875 Kilarney, Ireland (United Kingdom)
See Estate mansions, villages, abbeys, ruins, O’Sullivan Cascade
July 21, 1875 Dublin, Ireland (United Kingdom)
See Art galleries
Liverpool, England (United Kingdom)
Visit with THEOSOPHILIUS DAVIES (founder of Theo. H. Davies & Co.,), and ROBERT CHESHIRE JANION, his business partner. Also visit with CHARLES G. HOPKINS (Privy Councilor under Kamehameha III)
London, England (United Kingdom)
See Westminster Abbey, Hyde Park, Regent Park, Coventry, the Tower of London, Parliament, Windsor Castle, Picadilly, take a carriage ride along the Thames River
Greenwich, England (United Kingdom)
Greenwich Observatory, naval training school
Scotland (United Kingdom)
Dalmellington, Highlands, Inverness to Edinburg Visit with ROBERT STIRLING ,Minister of Finance under King Lunalilo
London, England (United Kingdom)
Bank of America crisis interrupts the journey. The Bishops travel back to the U.S.A. Pauahi waits in New York City and CRB continues to San Francisco.
November 4, 1875 New York (U.S.A.) by steamship to Bremen, Germany (German Confederation) [link to journal]
Visit with HEINRICH HACKFELD, founder of American Factors and his brother-in-law JOHANN CARL PFLUEGER The Bishops decide to continue their journey in the midst of winter.
November 9, 1875 Cologne, Germany (German Confederation) on a steamer down the Rhine River to Coblenz, Germany (German Confederation)
See Church of St. Ursula, the Dom, stay at Hotel Geant
November 11, 1975 On the Rhine River from Coblenz to Frankfurt to Heidelberg, Germany (German Confederation)
November 13 Heidelberg, Germany (German Confederation)
See Heidelberg Castle Visit DR. WILLIAM HILLEBRAND, former Head of Queen’s Hospital and authority on Hawaiian botany
November 15, 1875 Bern, Switzerland [link to journal]
Stay at Hotel Barnehoff. See the Bernese Alps, Jungfrau, Matterhorn, Cigle and other peaks
November 16, 1875 Clarens, Switzerland via Vevy
See the Castle of Chillon, first snowfall on December 21. Visit the WILLIAM WILLIAMSON FAMILY.
November 22, 1875 Lausanne and Zurich, Switzerland
November 25, 1875 Munich, Germany (German Confederation)
See the Old Pinakothek Art Museum, Baron Schack’s collection of modern paintings, New Pinakothek, Glypthothek. Experience Wagner’s Lohengrin opera
November 27, 1875 Vienna, Austria (Austro-Hungarian Empire) [link to journal]
See operas, Strauss band, ballet, sleigh ride on January 1, 1875. Visit V. VON SCHONBERGER, Kingdom of Hawai’i Consul for Austria.
December 8, 1875 Venice, Italy [link to journal]
Stay at Hotel Royal Danieli. Experience gondola trips, Grand Canal, Santa Maria della Salute, Frari, Rialto, Shylock’s bridge, palazzo, art galleries and museums, Piazza of St. Mark
December 17, 1875 Naples Italy by train via Rome, Pompeii, Italy
See churches, palaces, museums, Aquasium
December 18, 1875 Rome Italy
See Roman monuments, ruins including the Coliseum, Arch of Constantine, Forum, Appian Way, galleries, museums, Palazzo Roghese, Spada Palace, Vatican Museum. Visit with COUNTESS SUCHTELAN OF NAPLES, MARQUIS DE CAMPENARI, PRINCESS FACONIERI, CONTESSA CARPENGNA, THE CAMELLAS
December 19, 1875 Rome, Italy This is my birthday. I am 44 years old today. I spent the morning in the museum admiring and wondering anew the [vast] treasures there. At 4, I went over with [Mrs. Cook] to the Villa Reale.
January 10, 1876 The Vatican
Audience with POPE PIUS IX.
January 10, 1876 San Remo, Milan, and Turin, Italy
See seaside resort popular with invalids.
March 18, 1876 Paris France
See Versailles, Fontainbleu, Louvre, Nore Dame, Champs Elysees, palaces, museums and surrounding areas for 6 weeks. See MR. AND MRS. CHARLES DE VARIGNY, who was Minister of Finance and Foreign Affairs under Kamehameha V.
May 5, 1876 London, England (United Kingdom)
Audience with QUEEN VICTORIA and ALBERT, PRINCE OF WALES Visit with ALFRED, DUKE OF EDINBURGH, DUKE OF SAXE-COBURG AND GOTHA, the son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
May 30, 1876 to September 1876 United States of America
Vist New York City, Washington D.C., Boston, Massachusetts, Glens Falls, New York, Sandy Hill, New York, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania especially to see the Philadelphia Exhibition
September 1876 Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaiʻi